The White Carpathians Protected Landscape Area

významnost: 4
The White Carpathians Protected Landscape Area is situated in the Zlín and South Moravian Regions, Districts of Uherské Hradiště, Zlín and Hodonín in the total area of 71,500 ha. It was declared in 1980.


Správa CHKO Bílé Karpaty
Nádražní 318
763 26 Luhačovice


vykonává státní správu v ochraně přírody a krajiny, není-li k tomu dle zákona č. 114/92 Sb. pověřena příslušná obec, Ministerstvo životního prostředí nebo Česká inspekce životního prostředí; vydává stanovisko podle § 44 zákona 114/92Sb. k umístění stavby, stavebního povolení, rozhodnutí o změněn využívání; projednává a ukládá pokuty za přestupky a protiprávní jednání podle výše uvedeného zákona; je oprávněna k vydání vyhlášky o zřízení přírodní rezervace a přírodní památky;


Chráněné území



Geographically, it lies in the territory of the Inner West Carpathians, and occupies the territory of the Moravian part of the White Carpathians and Eastern part of the Vizovice Hills. The highest peak of the territory is Velká Javořina (970 m above sea level), the lowest point is at Sudoměřice (240 m above sea level).
Geologically, the territory is made up of layers of sheet of inner flysch, formed by alternation of layers of sandstone and claystone, less frequently marlite. The territory is susceptible to landshifts and landslides. They often contain a considerable share of calcium carbonate in the form of calcareous cement or veinlets filling old disruptions. A result of their resorption and egestion are numerous sediments of calcareous tufa in streams coming from calcific deposits. Complexes of flysch rocks are pervaded with neovolcanite, tertiary andesite in the form of real sills. Igneous rocks are accompanied with a varied spectrum of minerals.



Extraordinary natural values, particularly the unique communities of meadows and pastureland with the rich occurrence of orchids are the reason for declaration. The White Carpathians represent an exceptional area among our large-scale protected areas especially because they are the highest mountain range of the South-west edge of the Carpathian Mountain System itself. The whole area, and particularly its southern part, has been cultivated by people for many centuries. In spite of this or that is why extremely valuable natural values have been preserved here and it is possible to talk about harmonic scenery in many places. The White Carpathians were included in European biospheric reserves within the framework of the Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) of UNESCO organization on 15 April 1996 for these natural and landscape qualities.

Due to its character, the White Carpathians can serve as a model territory of joint existence of interest in nature preservation and economic exploitation, respecting the environmental acceptability of the territory and its natural conditions. Vast historical deforestation in the White Carpathians very often had the character of landscape modifications sensitively utilizing the local natural conditions. As a result of this there are thousands of hectares of unique meadows abounding with flowers with scattered tree species, representing the nowadays typical landscape character of the White Carpathians. From the aspect of natural science, these Carpathian meadows abounding with flowers are particularly remarkable for the abundance of plant communities with the high presence of critically endangered species of plants. Thanks to this, it is one of the most valuable meadow biotopes of Europe and a study territory of world importance.

Another no less valuable element are the vast forest complexes in the central and northern part of the mountain range with quite a number of typical features of Carpathian flora and fauna.
Diverse ways of husbandry, miscellaneous historical development and last but not least remoteness from industrial centres permitted to maintain the unusually great biodiversity in many kinds of sites, ranging from the thermophilic šipák (Quercus pubescens) oak woods to the virgin forest mountain beechwoods, from the thermophilic steppe flora to the submontane overpastured meadows and various kinds of small forest and meadow wetlands. The White Carpathians have become significant primarily as a territory with the biggest diversity and with the greatest number of orchidacea (orchids) in Central Europe.

Natural and cultural circumstances thus make the White Carpathians a territory which is extraordinarily valuable even in the European context. The forests cover nearly 45% of the area of the Protected Landscape Area, out of which deciduous forests are represented by less than 55%. The most important deciduous tree species is beech. The large semi-natural beechwoods in the surroundings of the Vlára Railway Line are among the best preserved forest stands in the Czech Republic. As for coniferous trees, the territory is home only to the fir, which reaches the ridge of Královec in the Valašské Kloubouky Region. Its share among tree species amounts to about 1%. Derived tree species – the spruce, the pine, the larch – have been introduced into forest stands here and there.

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