Lednické rybníky Ponds

History

The Lednické rybníky ponds represent one of the oldest pond systems in Moravia. Since the 15th century they have been constantly used for fish farming. The pond system comprises the biggest Moravia pond called Nesyt (315 ha), Hlohovecký rybník (104 ha), Prostřední rybník (48.5 ha) and Mlýnský rybník (107 ha) ponds. In the first half of the 19th century the banks of the ponds except Nesyt were transformed into parks by the Lichtensteins, by which - as well as other landscape adjustments and constructions - a unique landscape park was created. Extensive riparian reeds and numerous small islands provide ideal conditions for waterfowl, which also thrives due to the prohibition of hunting in the reserve. The Zámecký rybník pond in Lednice (30.1 ha) is part of the Lednické rybníky reserve, built in the 17th century in the places of Dyje meanders. One third of its area consists of fifteen islands, which have been transformed into parks, too.

Who Lives Here

The vegetation around the ponds gives shelter to the nests of many species of birds, for example eared grebe, once the most abundant grebe of the Czech fauna, red-crested pochard, our rarest duck, the mysterious little bittern or bearded tit, hiding in the reeds. On an island in the Zámecký rybník pond you can easily observe literally hundreds of pairs of grey heron and night heron nesting in the colony.

Protection

Since 1953 the Lednické rybníky ponds have been protected as a nature reserve, and today they represent one of the most important ornithological localities in the country. They are also included in the list of wetlands of international importance.

More information about the birds, as well as other points of interest in the reserve can be found on a favourite nature trail called Lednické rybníky ponds.

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